Low-intensity exercise, vascular occlusion, and muscular adaptations

Teramoto M, Golding LA

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Research in Sports Medicine (Print), 01 Oct 2006, 14(4):259-271

DOI: 10.1080/15438620600985860 PMID: 17214403 Share this article Share with emailShare with twitterShare with linkedinShare with facebook


The study investigated the effects of low-intensity exercise on muscular fitness when combined with vascular occlusion. Nineteen college male and female students performed two sets of a 5-min step exercise using a 12-inch bench three times per week for 5 weeks. During the step exercise, blood flow to one leg was restricted (vascular occlusion) with a blood pressure cuff, while the other leg was not occluded. Muscular strength of the occluded leg was significantly increased over the nonoccluded leg (p < 0. 05). Muscular endurance and muscle mass were improved after 5 weeks of training (p < 0.05); however, the changes between the two legs were not significantly different (p > 0.05). Exercise with vascular occlusion has the potential to be an alternative form of training to promote muscular strength.